Planting Garden

Planting Garden

Backyard Backyard home Ask a query Diagnose an issue Grasp Gardener Bugs Yard and Backyard Yard and Backyard Information Crops A to Z Ailments Flowers Fruit Houseplants Bugs Landscaping Lawns Soils and composting Timber and shrubs Greens Watering Weeds Wildlife Industrial horticulture About Extension horticulture programming Extension > Backyard > Yard and Backyard > Greens > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden shouldn’t be exhausting, however with out cautious planning and correct observe via, your garden might carry out poorly. Soil preparation Soils shouldn’t be ready for planting when too moist or too dry. If soil sticks to your sneakers or shovel, it’s too moist. Press a small quantity of soil in your hand. When the moisture is correct, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. Whether it is too moist, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil examined for the quantity of fertilizer or manure to use earlier than planting. A routine soil take a look at provides data on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium wants and estimated nitrogen necessities. For data on soil testing, contact the College Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting space instantly after tilling or spading. A agency, superb seedbed is greatest, notably for small-seeded crops, however packing the soil an excessive amount of might promote crusting of the soil floor and injury rising seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You’ll be able to sow early “cool-season” crops corresponding to lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions instantly after making ready your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly throughout the realm the place you desire a furrow. Use the nook fringe of a protracted piece of angle iron or aluminum to determine a furrow with a uniform depth. The usage of a hoe deal with or shovel might create a furrow with variable depths and end in non-uniform emergence, notably with small seed vegetable crops. You’ll be able to normally sow sandy soils somewhat deeper than clay soils. Heat season crops Wait till hazard of frost is previous (mid-to-late Might) earlier than transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and related “heat season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons might be seeded earlier by putting sizzling caps over the soil one week earlier than planting. This warms the soil and helps these crops germinate extra rapidly. Maintain the new caps on till the crops emerge and are rising vigorously. Beginning crops inside Heat season crops want a protracted rising season and normally won’t mature if seeded immediately within the garden. Cool season crops should mature earlier than sizzling climate. It’s vital, then, both to start out these crops early inside or to purchase crops at a garden heart or greenhouse. Begin seeds in plastic trays or peat pots which might be 3-4 inches deep. A very good soil combination incorporates two elements loam, one half sand, and one half natural matter. Totally combine the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it via a ¼-inch mesh display. Premixed soil mixtures can be found at garden facilities. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil combination and punctiliously agency the soil alongside the edges. After filling within the depressions, degree the soil to about ¼ inch under the highest. Agency the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch gap utilizing a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to maintain the depth constant. Sow 2-3 seeds in every tray cell or peat pot. Begin warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and must be began earlier than tomatoes. Cowl the seeds calmly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays utilizing a superb screened waterer to forestall washing the seeds out of the soil. Cowl the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and hold in a heat room till germination. As quickly because the seedlings seem, take away the plastic cowl and hold the seedlings in full daylight or immediately below fluorescent lights. As soon as the seedlings emerge, skinny to at least one plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply roughly ¼ cup of the answer to every seedling each two weeks till transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to forestall leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for just a few days exterior utilizing both a lath home or shade material and barely withholding water (however to not the purpose of wilting) will scale back plant progress delay after transplanting, in any other case often known as “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water crops effectively earlier than transplanting. Minimize the soil between the crops with a knife so every plant can separate simply with a considerable root ball connected. Seedlings grown in separate containers might be transplanted with out disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, ensure the highest fringe of the peat pot shouldn’t be uncovered above the soil floor or the peat pot will act like a wick and quickly draw the moisture from the basis ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry floor soil from the planting space. With a hand shovel, make a gap giant sufficient to simply obtain the basis ball of the transplant. Agency the soil across the roots and water with the starter fertilizer answer. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops could also be set out within the garden every week or two earlier than it might in any other case be secure if sizzling caps are used. Take away the caps after the air temperatures get actual heat in the course of the day. If paper sizzling caps are used, punch air flow holes within the tops. Excessive temperatures inside the sizzling cap can kill younger crops. Planting dates and distances for garden greens Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Begin seed indoors Plant seed or plant outdoor Between rows, hand cultivated Between crops Depth of seeding (inches) Quantity to order per 20 ft of row “Packet” refers to common commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – Might 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) Might 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, snap(pole) Might 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 ouncesBeans, dry shell Might 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, lima Might 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – Might 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Cabbage, late April 15 – Might 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, Chinese language July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 Might 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 crops Chard, Swiss Might 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers Might 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single crops; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – Might 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – Might 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 crops Muskmelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – Might 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips Might 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – Might 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each bit) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, candy April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 crops Pumpkin Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – Might 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 crops Rutabaga Might 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer season Might 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Candy corn Might 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 Might 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 crops Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet
planting garden 1

Planting Garden

Extension > Backyard > Yard and Backyard > Greens > Planting the vegetable garden Planting the vegetable garden Vincent A. Fritz Planting a vegetable garden shouldn’t be exhausting, however with out cautious planning and correct observe via, your garden might carry out poorly. Soil preparation Soils shouldn’t be ready for planting when too moist or too dry. If soil sticks to your sneakers or shovel, it’s too moist. Press a small quantity of soil in your hand. When the moisture is correct, the soil crumbles and breaks into small clumps. Whether it is too moist, it stays molded in a ball. Have your soil examined for the quantity of fertilizer or manure to use earlier than planting. A routine soil take a look at provides data on any lime requirement, phosphorous and potassium wants and estimated nitrogen necessities. For data on soil testing, contact the College Soil Testing Laboratory. Rake or harrow the planting space instantly after tilling or spading. A agency, superb seedbed is greatest, notably for small-seeded crops, however packing the soil an excessive amount of might promote crusting of the soil floor and injury rising seedlings. Tilling the soil in late fall facilitates earlier spring planting. Planting early crops Cool season crops You’ll be able to sow early “cool-season” crops corresponding to lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and onions instantly after making ready your garden plot. Mark the rows by stretching a string tightly throughout the realm the place you desire a furrow. Use the nook fringe of a protracted piece of angle iron or aluminum to determine a furrow with a uniform depth. The usage of a hoe deal with or shovel might create a furrow with variable depths and end in non-uniform emergence, notably with small seed vegetable crops. You’ll be able to normally sow sandy soils somewhat deeper than clay soils. Heat season crops Wait till hazard of frost is previous (mid-to-late Might) earlier than transplanting tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and related “heat season” crops. Tender crops Cucumbers, pumpkins and watermelons might be seeded earlier by putting sizzling caps over the soil one week earlier than planting. This warms the soil and helps these crops germinate extra rapidly. Maintain the new caps on till the crops emerge and are rising vigorously. Beginning crops inside Heat season crops want a protracted rising season and normally won’t mature if seeded immediately within the garden. Cool season crops should mature earlier than sizzling climate. It’s vital, then, both to start out these crops early inside or to purchase crops at a garden heart or greenhouse. Begin seeds in plastic trays or peat pots which might be 3-4 inches deep. A very good soil combination incorporates two elements loam, one half sand, and one half natural matter. Totally combine the soil in a wheelbarrow with a shovel and sift it via a ¼-inch mesh display. Premixed soil mixtures can be found at garden facilities. Fill the transplant tray or peat pots with the soil combination and punctiliously agency the soil alongside the edges. After filling within the depressions, degree the soil to about ¼ inch under the highest. Agency the soil evenly. Sow the seed by making a ¼-½ inch gap utilizing a dibble or pencil with a tape mark to maintain the depth constant. Sow 2-3 seeds in every tray cell or peat pot. Begin warm-season crops later than cool-season crops. Peppers and eggplant germinate slowly and must be began earlier than tomatoes. Cowl the seeds calmly with sand, screened soil, or vermiculite. Gently water the transplant trays utilizing a superb screened waterer to forestall washing the seeds out of the soil. Cowl the transplant tray or peat pots with clear plastic and hold in a heat room till germination. As quickly because the seedlings seem, take away the plastic cowl and hold the seedlings in full daylight or immediately below fluorescent lights. As soon as the seedlings emerge, skinny to at least one plant and apply a starter fertilizer of 1½ tablespoons of 5-10-5 in 1 gallon of water. Apply roughly ¼ cup of the answer to every seedling each two weeks till transplanting. Rinse the seedlings with water after fertilizing to forestall leaf burn. “Hardening” transplants by shading them for just a few days exterior utilizing both a lath home or shade material and barely withholding water (however to not the purpose of wilting) will scale back plant progress delay after transplanting, in any other case often known as “transplant shock.” Transplanting Transplant in late afternoon or on a cool, cloudy, calm day. Water crops effectively earlier than transplanting. Minimize the soil between the crops with a knife so every plant can separate simply with a considerable root ball connected. Seedlings grown in separate containers might be transplanted with out disturbing the roots. If seedlings are transplanted in peat pots, ensure the highest fringe of the peat pot shouldn’t be uncovered above the soil floor or the peat pot will act like a wick and quickly draw the moisture from the basis ball, stressing the plant. Scrape the dry floor soil from the planting space. With a hand shovel, make a gap giant sufficient to simply obtain the basis ball of the transplant. Agency the soil across the roots and water with the starter fertilizer answer. Apply ½ cup per plant at planting time. Transplanted crops could also be set out within the garden every week or two earlier than it might in any other case be secure if sizzling caps are used. Take away the caps after the air temperatures get actual heat in the course of the day. If paper sizzling caps are used, punch air flow holes within the tops. Excessive temperatures inside the sizzling cap can kill younger crops. Planting dates and distances for garden greens Planting dates Planting distances (in inches) Vegetable Begin seed indoors Plant seed or plant outdoor Between rows, hand cultivated Between crops Depth of seeding (inches) Quantity to order per 20 ft of row “Packet” refers to common commercially- packaged seed packet. Asparagus April 15 – Might 1 (crowns) 36 12 – 18 6 – 8 (crowns) 15 crowns Beans, snap (bush) Might 15 – July 1 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ – 2 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, snap(pole) Might 15 – July 1 36 4 – 6 1½ – 2 2 – 3 ouncesBeans, dry shell Might 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeans, lima Might 15 – June 10 18 – 24 4 – 6 1½ 3 – 4 ouncesBeets April 15 – July 1 12 – 18 2 – 4 ½ – 1 1 packet Broccoli March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Brussels sprouts March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, early March 1 – 15 April 1 – Might 1 24 – 30 18 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Cabbage, late April 15 – Might 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (seedbed) 1 packet or 9 crops Cabbage, Chinese language July 1 24 – 30 18 ½ 1 packet Carrots April 15 – June 15 18 – 24 2 – 3 ¼ 1 packet Cauliflower March 1 – 15 April 15 or June 1 24 – 30 18 – 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Celery Feb. 15 – March 1 Might 15 18 – 24 8 1/8 (indoors) 1 packet or 24 crops Chard, Swiss Might 1 18 – 24 6 – 8 1 1 packet Collards April 15 24 – 36 6 ¼ 1 packet Cucumbers Might 1 – June 15 48 – 60 12 between single crops; 36 between hills of three 1 1 packet Eggplant March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 30 24 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 9 crops Endive April 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Garlic Oct. 1 – Nov. 1 18 – 24 4 – 6 3 – 4 1 lb of cloves Horseradish April 15 – Might 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 6 (roots) 18 roots Kale April 15 – July 15 18 – 24 12 – 18 ½ 1 packet Kohlrabi April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 18 – 24 6 ½ 1 packet Lettuce, leaf April 15 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Lettuce, head March 1 – 15 April 15 – Might 1 18 – 24 12 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 18 crops Muskmelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 18 1 1 packet Okra March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 12 – 15 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion seeds April 15 12 – 24 2 ½ 1 packet Onion, transplants Feb. 1 – 15 April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 ½ (indoors) 1 packet Onion, sets April 15 12 – 24 2 – 3 1 – 2 ½ lb Parsley April 15 – Might 1 12 – 24 4 – 6 ¼ 1 packet Parsnips Might 1 – 15 18 – 24 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Peas April 10 – Might 15 18 – 24 2 1½ 1 packet Pepper March 15 – April 1 June 1 24 – 36 18 – 24 ½ (indoors) 1 packet or 12 crops Potatoes, Irish April 15 – June 1 24 – 30 12 – 18 4 (each bit) 3 lb seed potatoes Potatoes, candy April 15 (roots) June 1 36 – 48 18 – 24 9 – 12 crops Pumpkin Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 – 2 1 packet Radish April 10 – June 1 or Aug. 1 – 15 6 – 12 1 – 2 ½ 1 packet Rhubarb April 15 – Might 1 36 – 48 36 – 48 5 or 6 crops Rutabaga Might 15 – June 15 18 – 24 8 – 12 ½ 1 packet Spinach April 15 or Aug. 1 – 15 12 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Squash, summer season Might 10 – June 1 24 – 36 24 – 36 1 1 packet Squash, winter Might 10 – June 1 72 – 96 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three 1 1 packet Candy corn Might 10 – July 1 30 12 1 – 2 1 packet Tomato April 1 – 15 Might 15 – June 1 24 – 36 36 – 48 ¼ (indoors) 1 packet or 6 – 8 crops Turnip April 15 or Aug. 1 15 – 18 3 – 4 ½ 1 packet Watermelon Might 15 – June 1 60 – 72 24 – 36 between single crops; 60 – 72 between hills of three ½ 1 packet

Planting Garden

Planting Garden
Planting Garden
Planting Garden
Planting Garden
Planting Garden

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